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牙齒矯正 要打持久戰

 近幾年來,越來越多牙齒排列不齊的青少年兒童到口腔正畸門診矯正牙齒。現代口腔醫學認為,牙齒錯頜畸形本身不是疾病,而是一種對人體機能及心理有潛在性影響的殘疾,口腔正畸學已被看作是一種與身體機能及心理健康有關的衛生保健。

  牙齒矯正有其自身的特點:

  首先,錯頜畸形的矯治不同於一般疾病的治療需要打針吃藥,它主要依靠在口腔內部或外部戴用矯治器,對牙齒、牙槽骨及頜骨施加適當的“生物力”,使其產生生理性移動,從而矯治錯頜畸形。

  其次,療程較長。矯治時牙齒、頜骨的移動是漸進的,在矯治過程中,由醫生對矯治器進行適當的加力,達到逐漸移動牙齒的目的,因此療程較長,一般為2年左右,複雜的畸形可能更長。矯治過程中患者一般需每隔3—4周到醫院復診一次,復診時主要根據錯頜的矯治情況,對矯治器進行適當的調整。頻繁復診加力,以求“快速整牙”反而會導致牙周損傷,欲速則不達。

  另外,需要醫患雙方的合作。矯治的作用力由矯治器提供,患者認真戴用才能使其發揮作用。尤其是戴活動矯治器的患者,醫患的配合直接決定了療程的長短和治療的最終效果。

  最後,正畸治療具有一定程度的不可逆性,不像配眼鏡,一副不合適可以再做一副。尤其對於那些拔牙病例,一旦矯治失敗,再次治療成功的難度很大。

  牙齒矯正的技術含量高、療程長、風險大,正畸的費用也比較高。因此,牙齒畸形矯正應選擇專業的口腔矯正醫生。只有專業的醫生進行綜合診斷分析,才能制定出最適合的矯正方案。矯正的結果應該是美觀、協調、穩定的統一,而絕不是單純將牙齒簡單排齊。

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